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She was interned in a concentration camp after her husband's execution. The other two had been attracted primarily by a political ideology. [18] On top of this, the growing systematic ill-treatment of Jews and suppression of religion had offended Stauffenberg's strong sense of Catholic morality and justice. He only wanted to end the war in the West against the democracies, not the war in the East against the Soviet Union. He and his future wife got engaged on his 23rd birthday. Famous People of the History they died young! Konstanze von Schulthess is the youngest daughter of unsuccessful Hitler assassin Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg and Nina Schenk Graefin von Stauffenberg. Tried to kill Hitler in 1944. Von Stauffenberg was such a man. His closest friend was his brother Berthold. He led the Soviets to the hiding place of the documents in February 1945. His mother was 15 years younger than his father. Although four people were killed and almost all survivors were injured, Hitler himself was shielded from the blast by the heavy, solid-oak conference table leg, which Colonel Brandt had placed the briefcase bomb behind, and was only slightly wounded. Learned to speak English to native level within two years. Originally wanted to become a musician or an architect. He took part in the attack on Poland, the German invasion of the Soviet Union and the Tunisian Campaign during the Second World War. He openly told young conspirator Axel von dem Bussche in late 1943, "ich betreibe mit allen mir zur Verfügung stehenden Mitteln den Hochverrat..." ("I am committing high treason with all means at my disposal...."). He let things come to him, and then he made up his mind ... one of his characteristics was that he really enjoyed playing the devil's advocate. Berthold was one of eight conspirators executed by slow strangulation in Plötzensee Prison, Berlin, later that day. Her husband, Col. Claus Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg, led the failed attempt to kill Hitler on July 20, 1944, when a bomb was placed under a conference table. [19][20], Following the outbreak of war in 1939, Stauffenberg and his regiment took part in the attack on Poland. Stauffenberg declined at the time, reasoning that all German soldiers had pledged allegiance not to the institution of the presidency of the German Reich, but to the person of Adolf Hitler, due to the Führereid introduced in 1934. Von Stauffenberg was one of the few officers who had direct access to Hitler's headquarters in Rastenburg, Eastern Prussia. The deeply rooted belief common in the German aristocracy was that the Eastern territories, populated predominantly by Poles and partly absorbed by Prussia in partitions of Poland, but taken from the German Empire after World War I, should be colonized as the Teutonic Knights had done in the Middle Ages. See more ideas about vons, hitler, operation valkyrie. Since the couple never had any serious marriage problems, it is believed Claus only wanted to provoke his mother-in-law to-be, just as he liked to provoke his superiors. He studied in Dillingen an der Donau until 1675. Claus Schenk, Count von Stauffenberg, lost his eye and fingers on one hand to an Allied bombing raid while he was serving in Africa. [22], Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union, began on 22 June 1941. "[6], In his youth, he and his brothers were members of the Neupfadfinder, a German Scout association and part of the German Youth movement. A charismatic German resistance member and would-be assassin of Adolf Hitler, Claus Phillip Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg was born 15 November 1907, 1:00 a.m. CET, in the family's castle in the small Bavarian town of Jettingen (today known as Jettingen-Scheppach). My injuries have at least one advantage - finally I don't have to hide my fear of wasps anymore. Tresckow convinced him to go on with it even if it had no chance of success at all, "The assassination must be attempted. His regiment became part of the German 1st Light Division under General Erich Hoepner, who had taken part in the plans for the September 1938 German Resistance coup, cut short by Hitler's unexpected diplomatic success in the Munich Agreement. However, when it was Stauffenberg's turn, Lieutenant von Haeften placed himself between the firing squad and Stauffenberg, and received the bullets meant for Stauffenberg. He also visited England for several weeks twice. Claus Philipp Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (pol. Stauffenberg had married Nina Baroness (Freiherrin) von Lerchenfeld on 1933-11-26 in Bamberg. After the explosion von Stauffenberg saw a dead body being carried out of the building, believed it to be Hitler and notified his fellow conspirators in Berlin so they could put the second part of their plan into motion, which was to seize control of the government. Berthold had actually taken part in the conspiracy, and he and hundreds of prisoners were sentenced to death by hanging. [43], Stauffenberg's part in the original plan required him to stay at the Bendlerstraße offices in Berlin, so he could phone regular army units all over Europe in an attempt to convince them to arrest leaders of Nazi political organisations such as the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) and the Gestapo. After his arrest in July 1944, Berthold while being interrogated by the Gestapo, claimed that: "He and his brother had basically approved of the racial principle of National Socialism, but considered it to be exaggerated and excessive. He was executed on the same night, and more than 200 other conspirators met that same fate within the next few weeks (before being killed many of them were gruesomely tortured, which was filmed by their executioners "for posterity"). Konstanze von Schulthess is the youngest daughter of Nina Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg, the wife of Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, the man who attempted to assassinate Hitler. [asked if he drank often or much] Gladly often much! He also worked as a military interpreter for English once. Stauffenberg did not engage in any coup plotting at this time. The young officer also became more and more successful in his career, and at his various promotions was often the youngest of his rank, due mainly to his variety of skills and outstanding organizational abilities. Claus Philipp Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (15 November 1907 – 21 July 1944) was a German army officer. Alfred Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (* 27. Pregnant Nina von Stauffenberg, who barely had known anything about the plot, was taken into clan liability and gave birth to daughter Konstanze on 27 January 1945, in a Nazi maternity clinic. This fact was purposely left out in the movie. The unit was among the Wehrmacht troops that moved into Sudetenland following its annexation to the Reich as per the Munich Agreement.[13]. https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo/claus-von-stauffenberg.html Berthold went on to become a general in West Germany's post-war Bundeswehr. He further writes, "If then, as Evans notes with initial objectivity, Stauffenberg had a strong moral imperative – whether this stemmed from an aristocratic code of honour, Catholic doctrine or Romantic poetry – then this also underpinned his initial affinity for National Socialism which Stauffenberg misinterpreted as 'spiritual renewal'". [33], For rehabilitation, Stauffenberg was sent to his home, Schloss Lautlingen (today a museum), then still one of the Stauffenberg castles in southern Germany. As a result, Stauffenberg was able to arm only one of the bombs. On 20 July 1944 the plot was put into motion. Historian Peter Hoffman questions Gisevius's evaluations based on the latter's brief acquaintance with Stauffenberg, misreporting of Stauffenberg's actions, and apparent rivalry with him: Gisevius met Stauffenberg for the first time in Berlin on July 12, 1944, eight days before the colonel's last assassination attempt against Hitler. He supported the occupation of Poland and its handling by the Nazi regime and the use of Poles as slave workers to achieve German prosperity[14] as well as German colonization and exploitation of Poland. Von Stauffenberg photo and image search. "[50] On 10 August 1944, Berthold was tried before Judge-President Roland Freisler in the special "People's Court" (Volksgerichtshof). AKA Claus Philip von Stauffenberg. Can you help? Finished school with Grade B in French, History, Geography and Mathematics, Grade C in Essay Writing, Literature, Philosophy, Greek and Natural History and Grade D in Latin. Therefore, it was possible for Helldorf to throw everything overboard at once: Hitler, the Party, the entire system. [29], On 7 April 1943, Stauffenberg was involved in driving from one unit to another, directing their movement. In 1944, Army Reserve Chief-of-Staff Col. Claus von Stauffenberg led a conspiracy to assassinate Adolf Hitler and overthrow the Nazi regime. July 20, 1944, found the Stauffenberg family gathered, as they had so many summers before, at their rambling country house in the village of Lautlingen, in the rolling Swabian Alps of southern Germany. Stauffenberg had even initially welcomed Hitler’s rise to power as he thought the Führer would help to restore Germany’s former pride and prestige before World War I. Claus von Stauffenberg Biografický portál Claus Philipp Maria Justinian Schenk gróf von Stauffenberg (* 15. november 1907 , Jettingen , Nemecko – † 21. júl 1944 , Berlín ) bol nemecký dôstojník generálneho štábu, organizátor neúspešného atentátu na Hitlera . These proposals were only directed to the Western Allies – Stauffenberg wanted Germany only to retreat from western, southern and northern positions, while demanding the right to continue military occupation of German territorial gains in the east. Treason the Book. When it became known that Hitler had survived, some of the conspirators lost their nerve and the plot failed. He was neither. Claus von Stauffenberg. A guard knocked and opened the door, urging him to hurry as the meeting was about to begin. [54], British historian Richard J. Evans, in his books on the Third Reich,[55] covered various aspects of Stauffenberg's beliefs and philosophy. By then, Stauffenberg had great doubts about the possibility of success. Stauffenberg's full name was Claus Philipp Maria Justinian, followed by the noble title of "Count of Stauffenberg". They were introduced to each other by the mother and soon became a couple, engaged on 15 November 1930 and married on 26 September 1933. ", "Claus von Stauffenberg: Hero or Traitor? He would quote George's The Anti-Christ when recruiting friends and trusted colleagues into the conspiracy. Although Stauffenberg agreed with the Nazi Party's racist and nationalistic aspects and had supported the German colonization of Poland and made extremist remarks regarding Polish Jews,[14][15][16] he never became a member. It is believed that this actually happened because of disciplinary reasons. [61], Stauffenberg married Nina Freiin von Lerchenfeld on 26 September 1933 in Bamberg. Životopis. It reminded me of a time back in the UK, presumably 1994, when fellow leftists invited me to a 50 year memorial rally for von Stauffenberg. Claus Philipp Maria Justinian Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (15. marraskuuta 1907 – 21. heinäkuuta 1944) oli saksalainen Wehrmachtin upseeri ja aristokraatti.Yleisesikuntaeversti von Stauffenberg toteutti 20. heinäkuuta 1944 epäonnistuneen pommiattentaatin Adolf Hitleriä vastaan. Konstanze von Schulthess was born in prison, as her mother was arrested after the assassination attempt. [34] Initially, he felt frustrated not to be in a position to stage a coup himself. Claus Philipp Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg was a German military officer who served in the German military during World War II. [51] More than 200 were condemned in show trials and executed. He left the second bomb with his aide-de-camp, Werner von Haeften, and returned to the briefing room, where he placed the briefcase under the conference table, as close as he could to Hitler. Although he had ongoing health problems until he was a teenager, he opted for a military career and developed a heavy smoking habit (which was shared by his wife, who smoked until she died aged 92). In 2008, Konstanze von Schulthess-Rechberg wrote a best-selling book about her mother, Nina Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg. 3 Squadron, Royal Australian Air Force [31] – and he received multiple severe wounds. He held the hereditary titles of "Graf" (count) and "Schenk" (cupbearer). But by the beginning of September 1943, after a somewhat slow recovery from his wounds, he was propositioned by the conspirators and was introduced to Henning von Tresckow as a staff officer to the headquarters of the Ersatzheer ("Replacement Army" – charged with training soldiers to reinforce first line divisions at the front), located on the Bendlerstrasse (later Stauffenbergstrasse) in Berlin. We have been unable to find a photograph of Herbert Fliessbach, or to determine his date of birth. Home from work for the day last week I vegged out in front of the Military Channel, and ended up watching a documentary on Claus von Stauffenberg and the assassination plot against Hitler. This was a difficult task for him as he had lost his right hand and had only three fingers on his left hand. Daughter Valerie was born on his 33rd birthday. [47][48] See more ideas about hitler, vons, best husband. "),[46][47] or, possibly, "Es lebe das geheime Deutschland!" The traditional military salute was replaced with the Nazi salute. Nina Countess Schenk von Stauffenberg, who died on Sunday aged 92, was the widow of the German officer who attempted to assassinate Hitler with … The location had unexpectedly been changed from the subterranean Führerbunker to Albert Speer's wooden hut due to the heat on this summer's day. Stauffenberg had shifted to the rebel side only after Stalingrad (p. 512). In 1943, Henning von Tresckow was deployed on the Eastern Front, giving Stauffenberg control of the resistance. Grof Claus von Stauffenberg, puniim imenom Claus Phillip Maria Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg (15. novembar 1907 - 21. juli 1944) je bio njemački aristokrat i oficir Wehrmachta za vrijeme Drugog Svjetskog rata. [17], Moreover, Stauffenberg remained a practicing Catholic. With the war in its fifth year and taking an increasingly ominous turn for Germany, most of the adult male members of the aristocratic Catholic clantwins Alexander and Berthold, and their brilliant younger brother Clauswere absent. Stauffenberg lost his left eye, his right hand, and two fingers on his left hand. Some minutes later, he excused himself and left the room. Four people died in … [to Friedrich Fromm's secretary when realizing the July 20 plot has failed] They have all left me high and dry. Hours after his flight back to Berlin von Stauffenberg was arrested, as were many of the other conspirators. Berthold, along with the youngest brother Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, is known for leading the July 20 Plot against Hitler in 1944. [laughs]. [65], Hoffmann, Peter "The German Resistance and the Holocaust", pages 105–126 from, Stauffenberg: A Family History, 1905–1944: Third Edition by Peter Hoffmann (2009). Was fluent in Russian, French and English and semi-fluent in Greek and Latin. It had been unusually hot and humid that day. [12], Stauffenberg was commissioned as a leutnant (second lieutenant) in 1930. In 1943, Stauffenberg was promoted to Oberstleutnant i.G. Von Stauffenberg planted a bomb in a conference room at Hitler's headquarters on July 20, 1944. [40], As early as September 1942 Stauffenberg was considering Hans Georg Schmidt von Altenstadt, author of Unser Weg zum Meer, as a replacement for Hitler. Franz-Ludwig became a member of both the German and European parliaments, representing the Christian Social Union in Bavaria. Then they saw Claus von Stauffenberg, and tried to capture him. [55], However, Karl Heinz Bohrer, a cultural critic, literary scholar, publisher,[59] criticized Evans' views in an article originally published in the Süddeutsche Zeitung, 30 January 2010. Konstanze was actually born after her father's death. When he turned and made his way back along the corridor, they shot at Claus, wounding him. Four people died in … In the fall of 1943, however, he was back at work (now in Berlin) despite both his doctors' and his family's objections. Berthold, Heimeran, Franz-Ludwig and Valerie, who were not told of their father's deed,[63] were placed in a foster home for the remainder of the war and were forced to use new surnames, as Stauffenberg became considered taboo.[64]. Stauffenberg, his aide 1st Lieutenant Werner von Haeften, General Friedrich Olbricht, and Colonel Albrecht Mertz von Quirnheim were executed before 1:00 in the morning (21 July 1944) by a makeshift firing squad in the courtyard of the Bendlerblock, which was lit by the headlights of a truck. View agent, publicist, legal and company contact details on IMDbPro. Although Stauffenberg succeeded in placing a bomb in Hitler’s headquarters at Rastenburg (July 20, 1944), the explosion failed to kill Hitler. . She recalled her husband something of a “devil’s advocate” who was neither a staunch Nazi supporter nor a conservative. Alexander von Stauffenberg, Claus’s brother who was fighting in Greece and had nothing to do with the conspiracy, was sent to Dachau and was able to live long enough to be liberated by the Allies. Even if it fails, we must take action in Berlin", as this was the only way to prove to the world that the Hitler regime and Germany were not one and the same and that not all Germans supported the regime. [41], Stauffenberg was aware that, under German law, he was committing high treason. Stauffenberg had been transferred to the organizational department of OKH during the idle months of the so-called Phoney War (1939–1940, before the Battle of France). Claus von Stauffenberg was a 'good German' amid a nation of demonised villains. The conspirators' motivations have been a matter of discussion for years in Germany since the war. Claus von Stauffenberg was a German army officer who, as the chief conspirator of the July Plot, carried out an failed attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler. by Joachim Kramarz, Bonn 1967' by : F. L. Carsten, Martyn Housden,"Resistance and Conformity in the Third Reich";Routledge 1997;page 109–110. 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A unique opportunity to launch a coup himself, followed by the noble of... From whom they sprung, even social democrats like Julius Leber, in scenarios... One advantage - finally I do n't have to hide my fear of wasps anymore he excused himself and the. Stauffenberg and his wife Nina leave the St. Jakob Church in Bamberg `` Graf and... Quotes ( 1 ) Photos asked by Nina 's curiosity on the Front... Hitler objął stanowisko kanclerza, zareagował entuzjastycznie not so lucky that July day he held the titles! Died at the age of 17 years in Germany since the war in the shoulder why they! Despite being still a child at that time, he somehow managed to convince he... Along with Henning von Tresckow and Hans Oster, he was an unreconstructed conservative not to Hitler! 26 September 1933 in Bamberg 2014 - the story reads that Schenk Graf von and... 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